Two-title winning Tivoli Gardens Football Club coach Glendon ‘Admiral’ Bailey has admitted that he found his former team in a less than ideal state and has been having to teach football tactics from the very basics.Bailey replaced Christopher Bender late this season and got his team off to a come-from-behind 2-1 win over Rivoli United at the Edward Seaga Sports Complex.”There is a lot of work to be done. First and foremost, I have to get them more tactically aware so they understand the role and understand where they are supposed to play on the football field and what time, and then the playing conditions,” Bailey outlined.When asked if his team could rebound to finish among the top four and make it into the semi-final round, Bailey said that he was not looking that far.”There is still a lot of work to be done; there is nothing to celebrate. In terms of the fitness level and the whole understanding role for the football field, there is still a long journey, still a long way to go, but it is always good to start out positive and winning,” stressed Bailey, who admits to taking time away from his musical career to deliver Tivoli from a relegation struggle.Tivoli then rallied to a similar 2-1 come-from-behind win over Harbour View on Sunday, taking them to four points ahead of the relegation zone and one point behind ninth-place Cavalier SC.”It was very important for us. I think it gets us out of the red temporarily. One step, one day at a time, but there is still a lot of work to be done,” Bailey said.
– argues that clause 18 falls under ‘National security’– fmr AG calls for review, criticising Govt might be “seditious”Despite concerns being expressed that the measures included in clause 18 of the Cybercrime Bill of 2016 could be used to silence critics, Government is unmoved, and is in fact insisting that the measure is for national security.According to clause 18 of the Bill, persons commit an offence of sedition when they, “attempt to bring into hatred or excite disaffection towards the Government.” These provisions have, in fact, excited worry among social media users.They took to the medium in their numbers to register concerns that their freedom of expression would be trampled. But at a post-Cabinet press conference on Friday, Minister of State, Joseph Harmon, insisted that the clause falls under National Security. “We consider it to be a very important bill. At a meeting of the National Security Committee, we discussed cyber security and the ability of the state to defend itself against a cyber-attack. Work is actively going on at the level of the state and society, but the measures of the bill are meant to strengthen our ability to defend ourselves against cyber-attack.”Opposition PPP/C Member of Parliament Anil NandlallHarmon argued that to read the section at the exclusion of the Bill’s entirety is taking it out of context. Pertaining to the wording of clause 18 of the Bill, Harmon maintained that the words speak to threats to national security.“It’s the kind of attack (wherein) you don’t have an enemy out there in uniform. These are people who utilise the internet, who utilise computers, to actually attack your systems. In particular, the Government is concerned about the security systems of the state…,” he said.“Espionage, sabotage, subversion… all of these are security issues which are important enough to the state. An attack which threatens any of these institutions from a computer constitutes an offence,” he clarified.The framersLaid in the National Assembly since 2016, the Cyber Crimes Bill had catered for, inter alia: illegal access to a computer system; illegal interception; illegal data interference; illegal acquisition of data; illegal system interference; unauthorised receiving or granting of access to computer data; computer-related forgery; computer- related fraud; offences affecting critical infrastructure; identity-related offences; child pornography; child luring, and violation of privacy among a sleuth of other offences.A special select committee had been working on the bill for the past few years, and its report on the bill was presented recently. That committee comprised Attorney General Basil Williams, Public Security Minister Khemraj Ramjattan, Education Minister Nicolette Henry and Parliamentarians Michael Carrington and Audwin Rutherford.The People’s Progressive Party was represented by Chief Whip Gail Teixeira and Parliamentarians Clement Rohee, Anil Nandlall and Gillian Persaud-Burton.For his part, former Attorney General Nandlall is of the view that the bill on a whole is a good one. He noted that when one considers how much the internet has pervaded everyday life, safety measures are in order.“We have a responsibility as law makers to govern this society to ensure that the laws we are promulgating are in sync with common realities…of what is considered democratic,” he said.But while acknowledging that he was a member of the committee, Nandlall revealed that he never attended any of the meetings due to work conflicts. He added that he is of the view that some parts of the bill, like provisions against sedition contained in clause 18, need to be reviewed.“The bill did not get the benefit of my views at the level of the committee…but I’ve read the bill, and two or three clauses jump out at you. They are very worrying and must be reviewed. Sedition is one of those offences that are archaic and is really a relic of the past. (It) has no place in modern, democratic society… especially in a country where the constitution guarantees free speech,” Nandlall stressed.
Stoke manager Mark Hughes played for Chelsea during his career Last year, at Anfield, Liverpool thrashed Arsenal 5-1, but must now travel to the Emirates without key defender Martin Skrtel and captain Steven Gerrard.Both players begin their suspensions, while in the evening Stoke manager Mark Hughes returns to his old stomping ground, Stamford Bridge as the Potters take on Chelsea, live on talkSPORT.Ahead of a busy Easter weekend of Premier League action, test your knowledge with these questions…About | Privacy | Terms 1
Blanco leaves office Jan. 14. The next Pardon Board meeting is scheduled for Jan. 17. Fourteen other members of the caucus joined Lee in urging Blanco to support releasing Bell, who was sentenced to 18 months in a juvenile facility Dec. 3 for his role in an assault last year on Justin Barker, a white student at Jena High School. An e-mailed request for comment from Blanco was not immediately returned. Bell pleaded guilty to a juvenile charge of second-degree battery in return for a deal that gave him credit for the 10 months he had already served. Without the deal, the 17-year-old faced being placed in a juvenile facility until his 21st birthday. Although he has only about eight months left to serve in the case, Bell is serving a separate 18-month sentence for previous juvenile charges unrelated to the Barker dispute. He has about 16 months left on that sentence, which runs concurrently with the sentence in the Barker case. NEW ORLEANS – Members of the Congressional Black Caucus called on Gov. Kathleen Blanco to pardon Mychal Bell and five other teenagers known as the “Jena 6.” Texas Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee said in a letter to Blanco this week that Bell and the other teens have paid their debt to society and should be immediately pardoned. “They and their families have suffered enough, as has the State of Louisiana and the town of Jena,” the letter reads. Blanco’s press secretary, Marie Centanni, said Friday in a statement that the governor cannot grant a pardon or commutation without a recommendation to do so from the state Pardon Board. The charges against Bell and the others sparked a huge civil-rights demonstration in Jena in September. The activists said prosecutors treated blacks more harshly than whites. Three months before the attack on Barker, three other white teens were accused of hanging nooses from a tree at the high school. The three were suspended from school but were never criminally charged. Charges against Robert Bailey Jr., Theo Shaw and Bryant Purvis, all 18, and Carwin Jones, 19, have been reduced from attempted murder to aggravated second-degree battery.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
C.L.G. Dún na nGall Nua EabhracDONEGAL FOOTBALL CLUB NEW YORK MCGRATH AGAIN LEADS DONEGAL NYCLUB HONORS LATE JIMMY MCGONAGLE Laurence McGrath’s re-election to lead the Donegal Football Club New York in 2013 marks the 11th year in total he has been President/Chairman of the Club. Backing him up again is the tested team of “The Chief,” Frank Molloy of the Ardara clan as Vice President; fellow Ardara man Pat McGill as Treasurer; Recording Secretary Mary Grant, Corresponding Secretary-P.R.O. Ira Goldman; and Chaplain Fr. Paul O’Donnell Duggan. In a tribute to the late Jimmy McGonagle, the beloved twice past president who died suddenly in November, the annual Club Person of the Year Award has been renamed as the Jimmy McGonagle Award.Donegal NY will field a Senior team in 2013 having won the NY GAA Intermediate crown in their second year playing in that Division. Ardara native and long-time Donegal NY star player Pat McGill follows on that triumph helm as Manager for 2013, again backed up by Clare man Denis Shannon and Trainer James McFadden of St. Michael’s.McGrath, also NY GAA Vice Chairman, and long-time club officer Tommy Lilly are the NY GAA delegates, with Molloy and Goldman as alternates.Donegal NY will honor Martin McHugh, a member of Donegal’s 1992 All-Ireland champion team and father of 2012 champion team member Martin McHugh with the Damien Meehan Award at their 65th Annual Banquet 27 May. McHugh will bring with him from Ireland the Sam Maguire Cup won by Donegal last year. GAA: DONEGAL NEW YORK GAA CLUB NEWS was last modified: January 28th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:GAA: DONEGAL NEW YORK GAA CLUB NEWS
Colombian cyclist Maria Luisa Calle will get back the bronze medal that had been taken away at the 2004 Athens Games for a failed drug test, the Court of Arbitration for Sport in Switzerland has ruled. The court said the headache medicine Calle took did not contain banned substances. The IOC had disqualified her for taking heptaminol, a prohibited stimulant, which was found in a urine sample taken after the race. Calle said she took an anti-migraine pill called Neo-Saldina a few hours before the race and blamed that drug, prescribed by a national team doctor, for the heptaminol reading. American cyclist Erin Mirabella, who finished fourth in the race, was moved up to the bronze after Calle was stripped. Mirabella received the medal about a week after returning home from Athens, and said it was still in her possession. COLLEGES: The NCAA has rejected Bradley University’s bid to be taken off a list of colleges whose American Indian nicknames, mascots and logos will be banned in postseason play starting next year. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week The committee commended Bradley for dropping its American Indian mascot and logos about a decade ago, but it said the school could have sent a clear signal of respect for American Indians by also dropping its nearly 70-year-old nickname, the Braves. Mike Thomas, the athletic director at the University of Akron, has been hired to take over as athletic director at the University of Cincinnati on Dec. 1 when Bob Goin retires after eight years. Thomas will eventually hire a new basketball coach to replace Bob Huggins. BOXING: Thursday’s scheduled card at the Woodland Hills Hilton was canceled when both the main event and lead undercard bout fell apart. The main event was to feature Adam Carrera of Cathedral City in a defense of his North American Boxing Federation super bantamweight belt. But promoter Deborah Sable of Final Round Entertainment said a deal could not be finalized for a suitable opponent. – Robert Morales SOCCER: Sabri Lamouchi and Mamadou Niang scored goals to help visiting Olympique Marseille beat defending UEFA Cup champion CSKA Moscow 2-1, the Russian club’s first loss in 11 games in the competition. BASEBALL: The independent Golden League will put a team in Reno, Nev., next season known as the Silver Sox, the same name as previous minor league teams have had there. GOLF: Hunter Haas shot a 9-under 63 to take a one-shot lead at the PGA’s Funai Classic in Lake Buena Vista, Fla., while Tiger Woods shot a 68, Vijay Singh a 69 and Retief Goosen a 71. Ernie Els plans to return to competitive play in December, ending a four-month layoff because of a left-knee injury. TENNIS: Amelie Mauresmo, seeded second and ranked No. 4 in the world, lost to qualifier Katarina Srebotnik 6-2, 6-0 in the second round of the Zurich (Switzerland) Open. Top-seeded Lindsay Davenport rallied to beat Daniela Hantuchova of Slovakia 3-6, 7-5, 6-2. Davenport will move to No. 1 in the rankings next week, up from No. 3. SKIING: World Cup champion Bode Miller, the first U.S. man in 22 years to win the overall title, said he ed retiring. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Donegal County Council is calling for the abolition of the HSE following the CervicalCheck scandal.The unanimously-backed motion developed from Cllr Marie Therese Gallagher’s call to send condolences to the women affected by the smear test scandal and to seek a reformation of the HSE and mandatory disclosure without delay.Cllr Gallagher said the health service has engaged in ‘skullduggery’ by covering up the disclosure of CervicalCheck audits. She said: “The HSE belongs to the people of Ireland and to see a body that is belonging to the people of Ireland doing this, frankly makes me question why it hasn’t been disbanded over this.”Cllr Gallagher said: “I would like to acknowledge that 17 women have died who were unaware of the cervical smear scandal last month. This council should be sending condolences to their families.”Cllr Gallagher paid tribute to the brave Irish women, namely Emma Mhic Mhathúna and Vicky Phelan, who have come forward to expose the scandal.“We owe a debt of gratitude to Vicky Phelan, I cannot imagine the bravery that woman has shown. “I have no doubt that what Vicky Phelan has done will save lives in Ireland,” Cllr Gallagher said.Cllr Gallagher said she has lost sleep over the recent events and has been contacted by women in Donegal who are worried about their own tests.“I have a number of women ringing me, who fear that they may have been in this situation, but they want to know how do they find answers.”Cllr Niamh Kennedy added: “This is quite an emotional time for women, and we as women trust we will be cared for and treated by medical experts.“The misleading information means it is too late for some. We cannot allow these dreadful acts of deceit. “The Cervical Check call centre is reassuring to some, however it is a tragedy it has to be set up in the first place. A mandatory disclosure is absolutely vital,” Cllr Kennedy said.Cllr Bernard McGuinness added that Members of the Regional Health Forum West voted last week for the abolition of the HSE in its present form. Donegal County Councillors voted unanimously for the abolishment.‘We cannot allow these dreadful acts of deceit’ – Council calls for abolition of HSE was last modified: May 29th, 2018 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:cervical checkDonegal County CouncilHSE
1 November 2007On Wednesday afternoon, Jake White, the International Rugby Board’s Coach of the Year and the architect of South Africa’s triumph at the Rugby World Cup in France, called a news conference to announce that he would not be reapplying for the post of Springbok coach.White leaves the position at the pinnacle of the sport, bringing the curtain down on a difficult but undoubtedly successful time in charge of South Africa’s national rugby team.His successor has very big shoes to fill.DisarrayWhen White took over the coaching reins at the end of 2003, the Springboks were a team in disarray. Their World Cup campaign Down Under had been overshadowed by a racial row before the team departed for Australia, further compounded by the revelations surrounding the squad’s preparations at “Kamp Staaldraad”. Their results were average at best.On the field, the team had a lot of passion, but it was channelled into an ill-disciplined confrontational approach which, tactically, was as accomplished as an over-the-top charge out of the trenches in World War One.Even before the World Cup, back in 2002, the Boks had made the record books for all the wrong reasons, suffering record defeats to England, Scotland and France. At Twickenham, against England, a pitiful and shockingly ill-disciplined performance resulted in a 53-3 hiding, while Scotland won 21-6 at Murrayfield and France won 30-10 in Marseille.In addition, South Africa had last beaten New Zealand in a test in August 2000, and the All Blacks had run off six wins against them on the trot. The Springboks were ranked sixth in the world.‘You’re going to win the World Cup’When White first addressed his players after being appointed Springbok coach, he told them they were going to win the World Cup in France.On 20 October 2007, South Africa claimed the Webb Ellis Trophy for the second time in the country’s history, joining Australia as the only two-time winner in the history of the event.Having won the under-21 World Championships with John Smit as his captain, one of White’s first decisions was to appoint Smit captain of the Springboks.Over the course of their tenure, both White and Smit came in for plenty of criticism. There’s a deafening silence from those quarters now; it’s hard to argue with the Webb Ellis Trophy.Four-year journeyFrom the time White took over the hot seat, he continually stressed that a four-year journey lay ahead, the destination being to the World Cup final.Somehow, after a roller-coaster ride, with some great triumphs and some sobering lows, he survived rugby’s biggest pressure cooker job, and today walks away from it leaving a legacy second to none.That includes a Tri-Nations title, the number one ranking in world rugby, the IRB coach of the Year Award in 2004 and 2007 and, of course, the World Cup.White steps down having coached the Springboks in more matches than anyone else – 53 altogether – with two more matches to follow before his contract expires, against Wales and the Barbarians. His win rate stands at 67 percent.A South African identityHe has enjoyed an even greater success than the figures show, however. Under White, the Springboks have grown as a team, establishing a South African identity that is disciplined, tough as nails, and undoubtedly world class. They are a team united, with the players clearly playing for one another and respresenting their country with massive pride.This has led South Africans to unite behind them as never before. They identify with the Boks because a big part of the Springboks’ growth has come off the field, where the players have embraced the side’s support in an open and humble manner not always seen in the past.White’s success has made the Boks a team of the people, an achievement that has been evident from watching the celebrations around the country since the team’s World Cup victory.Keeping faith with the playersWhite has also meant a lot to the men who played under him. Take Os du Randt. White persuaded him to come out of retirement and kept faith with him in the face of the sceptics who said he was over the hill.Du Randt now retires from the game as one of only four players to win the World Cup twice, and arguably the greatest loosehead prop in the history of rugby.Percy Montgomery was playing club rugby in Wales when White approached him to return to the Springboks. Today he is South Africa’s most capped international of all time and the holder of numerous records, including the highest points’ scorer in Bok history.The oft-criticised John Smit has become a revered captain, maybe the most respected captain in international rugby.Bryan Habana and Schalk Burger, both players whose talent White recognised early on, were given opportunities to represent the Springboks at a young age; Burger was named IRB Player of the Year in 2004, while Habana won the award this year.White also retained the combination of Victor Matfield and Bakkies Botha at lock when he took charge of the Springboks. Under him they grew in stature and are now regarded as the foremost second row combination in world rugby. Together, they played a decisive role in South Africa’s World Cup final win over England.Dreamed that, done thatWith the majority of the players who were part of the Springboks’ World Cup winning team likely to be in with a shout at another World Cup campaign in 2011, White’s legacy on the playing fields is likely to continue for some time to come.Jake White has brought pride back to the green and gold jersey adorned with the leaping Springbok. It’s a pride that is shared by all South Africans. And for this the country owes a big thank you to the man who, as a schoolboy, wrote an essay in which he said it was his dream to coach the Springboks one day.White exceeded his dream. South Africa has benefited thanks to that. Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
In the other corner…Raymer responded with a jab, aiming to connect quickly and thus take some of the impact out of Krigger’s blow. His article, titled, Don’t Blame the ASHRAE 62.2-2010 Standard, disputed Krigger’s claim that ASHRAE moved away from simplicity when they revised the standard from their first version, 62-89. That early version, he wrote, was 26 pages long, while the 2010 standard is only 14. “The ASHRAE 62-89 Standard is no longer supported by ASHRAE partly because of its complexity,” Raymer explained.He then went into some of the details of the two versions of the standard, offering a nice contrast between how they really work. One important point that many in the home performance and weatherization field probably don’t know is that, “there is nothing in the 62-89 Standard about calculating a Building Airflow Standard, Building Tightness Limit, Minimum Ventilation Level, etc.” Those terms come from the programs that reference the standard. I went to school with Cajuns in south Louisiana, and fights were a big deal. They happened frequently, and when they did, a small crowd would gather. The noise would grow quickly and soon everyone in the schoolyard would run over to where the fight was happening. One day in sixth grade, we exploited this tendency and staged a fight between two shoes at recess. Sure enough — our tight circle of boys banging two shoes on the ground and making a lot of noise brought the whole school to us.Today, I’m making noise for a fight that broke out over the topic of residential ventilation. This is a real fight among two heavyweights in the home performance industry: John Krigger of Saturn Resource Management and Paul Raymer of Heyoka Solutions.Don’t worry; it’s not a Jon Stewart/Tucker Carlson kind of fight or something you might see on the Jerry Springer show. These guys respect each other and even teach classes together. It’s a very real debate, though, about fixing homes, making them tighter, and adding mechanical ventilation when necessary. In this corner…Krigger opened the battle recently with a roundhouse punch aimed at ASHRAE and the latest versions of their residential ventilation standard. “ASHRAE 62.2-2010 is a confusing jumble of requirements and choices that has wasted vast amounts of time and money in training personnel and coping with confusion,” he wrote. Krigger doesn’t like it that so much time and money is being spent in the home performance and weatherization industry to train people on this standard. Now the requirements ares about to change again with the 2013 update, “which will be different and lead to another cycle of confusion and wasted resources,” according to Krigger. He believes there’s no reason to move away from the 62-89 version because the older version is much simpler.In addition, he claims that the assumptions on which they’ve based the changes in the standard are questionable; he lists four problems at the end of his article. I’ll let you go and read them and decide for yourself, but I will mention one here. He wrote that, “There are millions of respiratory problems relating to a lack of ventilation.” When I posted a link to the article on LinkedIn, Bobby Rhett, an industrial hygienist in the Washington, D.C. area, replied, “We may not always have the source of asthma pinned, but there is evidence that improving ventilation improves asthma outcomes.” Blower doors and mechanical ventilationOne problem here is that weatherization and home performance crews are trying to use blower doors to determine if they need to add mechanical ventilation. Joe Lstiburek wrote about this issue in his article Just Right and Airtight. After opening with praise for using a blower door to help make homes more airtight and to measure leakage, he then wrote:But then they think that a blower door actually is a precise measuring tool for how air will leak across the building during service. Wrong. Even more serious an issue is to then take the leap that using a wrong assumption about the results of an approximate measurement can be used to decide that mechanical ventilation is not needed. Bad, very bad, and potentially deadly.I wrote about the problems with ACHnat here recently, and that’s what Joe’s referring to above. What he says they do at Building Science Corporation is, “To me, the ventilate right part is easy: put in a ventilation system and pick a rate.” In footnote 4 of that article, he describes that their method is to install a system that’s capable of providing 1.5 times the ventilation rate recommended by the latest version of ASHRAE 62.2.This is an important debate because we want homes to be have less air leakage. We also want them to have good indoor air quality, and that means mechanical ventilation. Krigger makes some good points about all the resources going into training for ASHRAE 62.2, but the time has come to drop the Building Airflow Standard and stop pretending that blower doors can tell us how much mechanical ventilation a home needs. RELATED ARTICLES Designing a Good Ventilation SystemHRV or ERV? GBA Encyclopedia: Ventilation Choices Just Right and Airtight Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard. How many rounds will it go?In case you don’t know who they are, both Krigger and Raymer are heavyweights in this field. Krigger is the author of the book Residential Energy, which is used, I imagine, in nearly every building analyst and home energy rater class in the U.S.Raymer is the author of the Residential Ventilation Handbook, which covers the whole topic extensively. He’s also on the ASHRAE committee that decides what goes into the 62.2 standard and issues the new version every three years.How we ventilate homes is a big deal and far from settled. ASHRAE 62.2 is leading the way, but as you can tell from this fight, there is pushback from some of the people who have to apply the standard in the field. The Building Performance Institute (BPI) was supposed to drop 62-89 and adopt 62.2-2010 this month but released a statement on 28 December announcing they’d postponed that change.Both of these guys make good points, but I have to side with Paul on this issue overall. I think BPI should have dropped 62-89 long ago, and to keep postponing it only makes it worse, as more people get trained on an obsolete standard that was created in the 1980s. John definitely makes some good points, and I think we can do a better job of considering the training aspect of applying standards. Part of that falls on the organizations that adopt the standard, too.Paul’s basically right, though, that we need to go with the newer version. Yes, it needs work, but the three-year cycle is getting us there.This is an important battle in the Building Science Fight Club. It’s not just a bunch of sixth graders banging shoes on the ground to get attention. We need to ventilate homes to improve indoor air quality, and we need to be able to do it cost-effectively. Debate and discussion are healthy, and we need to keep it going. I’d love to see John and Paul do an evening session at the RESNET conference this year and continue this debate.
How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? lauren orsini Tags:#Citizen Developer#education#programming Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Related Posts Why You Love Online Quizzes If you ever wondered what would scare the bejeezus out of a university’s computer science department, try this: In June, Google revealed that it no longer considers GPA scores as a hiring criteria. “One of the things we’ve seen from all our data crunching is that GPA’s are worthless as a criteria for hiring,” Laszlo Bock, senior vice president of people operations at Google, told the New York Times. To students who have been told their university grades are paramount, that’s a big shock. But to anybody watching the tech industry, such a statement was inevitable. It’s a reaction to the quickly evolving definition of what it means to be a professional programmer.The “Citizen Developer”When Google executives look at prospective hires’ portfolios instead of test scores, it expands the playing field beyond “anyone with a degree” to “anyone with skills.” Google no longer cares whether you picked up coding in school or just by teaching yourself, so long as you have the work and talent to back it up. It’s a phenomenon that the tech world is calling the rise of the “citizen developer.” A phrase coined by technology research firm Gartner, the citizen developer is “an end user who creates new business applications for consumption by others using development and runtime environments sanctioned by corporate IT.” Or, in less of a mouthful, a non-traditionally educated programmer who uses the same skills as the formally trained pros. Back in 2011, Gartner predicted that by 2014, citizen developers would build at least 25 percent of new business applications. Two years later, we associate programming success with college dropouts like Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, or with people like Tumblr CEO David Karp, who didn’t even enroll in college. See also Don’t Look Now, But We Might Be In A Developer DroughtThe sort of creativity and problem solving that allows star programmers to succeed isn’t exactly encouraged in the artificial and conforming environment of a college classroom. So it makes sense that Google would look outside the GPA for the best talent. Tons of Jobs, Few DevelopersImagine if you could learn a skill that would practically guarantee you a high-paying job within months. Increasingly, that’s exactly the narrative that surrounds non-traditional programming education. At Code Fellows, if you don’t have a job offer that pays $60K a year within six months of completing their four-week boot camp, you get a full refund. A 2012 Living Social effort called Hungry Academy actually paid people to attend their five-month boot camp and learn to program for Living Social. Boot camps and other forms of non-traditional programming education can afford to be cocky for the very reason that the job market supports such bravado. In 2010, there were 913,000 U.S. jobs for software developers and that number is expected to grow by 30% from 2012 to 2020, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Meanwhile, the predicted rise for all occupational growth over that same period is just 14%. As our dependence on technology only grows, our demand for developers is increasing. At a time where the average developer gets four to five job offers in her career, that means some companies are going without. The Self-Taught Coding MovementIt certainly helps that opportunities for teaching yourself to code are more numerous, convenient and accessible than ever. Combine that with widespread alarm about student loan debt, and you can instantly see the appeal of self-teaching. See also There’s A Boom In Teaching People To CodeRyan Carson, CEO of Treehouse, said that the coding education company has reached the milestone of 37,000 active, paying students—about the size of a large university. Not surprisingly, he thinks companies like Treehouse offer a better education than traditional degrees would. “A computer science degree is a rip off,” he told me. “I know because I have one.”The difference? Carson says Treehouse has the data to prove whether students are ready for the workforce, something colleges can’t do. It does this through a point system that awards students for completing assignments on Treehouse.“We’ve placed thousands of students in programming jobs, and the companies who hire them report back to us,” he said. “So we can say with authority that if you get 1500 points on Treehouse, we can place you in a job where you’ll have an 80% chance of success. And you just can’t do that now in universities.”What About Traditional Education?Not surprisingly, college professors believe as much in the longevity of the computer science degree as entrepreneurs like Carton believe in non-traditional learning. See also: Why Programming Is The Core Skill Of The 21st CenturyHowever, Francois Pitt, a senior lecturer at the University of Toronto, told me that learn-to-code boot camps aren’t even competition to a computer science degree because they have completely different end goals. “It’s not so much competition with us as a complement,” he said. “Programming is just the starting point of what computer science is about. We don’t just teach students how to code. We study programs and the problems they solve.”Pitt compares the difference between having a computer science degree and knowing how to program as the difference between being a professional writer and knowing how to write. The important thing isn’t so much that you know English, but that you have interesting ideas and know how to structure them well, he said. There’s something romantic about Pitt’s description of computer science’s in-depth theories. The difference students are going to have to look for? Whether they want the whole story or just a job ASAP. “People getting into these programs need to realize that you’re not getting the same education as you would out of a degree,” he said. “Computer science is about so much more than just programming.”Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.