Jennifer Ellison-Brown: The concepts of fitness

first_img Physical fitness is the ability of the body to carry out everyday activities without excessive fatigue and with enough energy remaining for other tasks. This means that as well as performing our normal daily tasks, we can also perform additional physical activities, including sports. Being fit is central to our health and sense of well-being. If we are healthy and fit, then the physical, mental, and social aspects of our lives are working well. Fitness is critical to success in sports. Physical fitness consists of health-related fitness and sports performance-related fitness. Exercise refers to a subset of physical activity – planned, structured, repetitive movement of the body designed specifically to improve one’s health and to maintain physical fitness. Fitness depends on such physiological factors as the heart’s ability to pump blood and the size of muscle fibres. Only exercise will significantly improve fitness. The World Health Organization recommends that individuals include a moderate amount of exercise on most, preferably all, days of the week (Fit and Well, 6th Edition 2005). In order to have good health, we should eat sensibly, engage in regular physical activity, get the required rest and sleep, limit alcohol intake, resist smoking and other social drugs, and improve our ability to cope with stress. It is important to adapt a healthy lifestyle for us to maintain our health. The following health-related fitness components are important for the human body to work efficiently: – Cardiovascular endurance – the ability of the circulatory and respiratory systems to supply fuel and oxygen to the muscles. – Muscular strength – the ability to exert an external force or to lift a heavy weight. – Muscular endurance – the ability of the muscles to repeatedly exert themselves. – Flexibility – having a wide range of motion in the joints. – Body composition – having the relative percentage of muscle, fat, bone, and other tissues of which the body is composed. – The ability to cope with stress. Physical benefits Performance-related fitness This is the level of physical fitness necessary for the demands of regular sporting activity. We may be fit from a health-related perspective but not be fit for sports. Each sport activity makes its own particular demands on the body. To be successful in sports, it is important to have health-related fitness and also to be as fit as possible in the performance-related components below. – Explosive strength (power) – the ability to combine speed and force in one explosive act. – Speed – the ability to move all or parts of the body as quickly as possible. – Agility – the ability to change direction of the body at speed. – Coordination – the ability to carry out a series of movements smoothly and efficiently in response to your senses. – Balance – the ability to maintain equilibrium when stationary or moving. – Reaction time – the ability to respond to a stimulus quickly. – Timing – the ability to coincide movement in relation to external factors (to act at the right moment). Exercise helps your mental well-being, too. – It is stimulating and enjoyable. – It relieves tension and stress, which can cause high blood pressure and heart disease. – Relieves aggression. – Relieves boredom and provides a challenge. – It helps you sleep better, so you feel more rested. – Boosts self-esteem. All these benefits mean that exercise helps you to meet the demands of your environment more easily. In other words, it makes you fitter. You can work harder, feel less tired, and enjoy life more. The way to improve your fitness is through exercise. The more easily you are able to meet demands, the less likely you are to suffer stress, fall ill, or injure yourself. Exercise increases your social well-being, especially if it’s in the form of a sport. – Boosts confidence. – Helps you cope better with difficult people and situation. – You will meet people, make good friends. – Develops team work and cooperation.center_img Definition of fitness Benefits of exercise Social benefits Health-related fitness Exercise helps you to look good and feel good. – It burns up stored body fat, so your shape improves. – Gives superb muscle tone. – Strengthens back and abdomen. – Strengthens bones. – Keeps joints flexible to encourage efficiency. – Strengthens heart and lungs, so you won’t get tired easily. – It helps to prevent heart disease, high blood pressure, back pain, cancer. – Slows the ageing process. Mental benefitslast_img read more

Labour leader claims Donegal broadband bill would cost double that of Derry

first_imgLeader of the Labour Party in Ireland, Brendan Howlin has asked Communications Minister Richard Bruton why the cost of next-generation broadband will cost double in Donegal compared to Derry. According to Mr. Howlin, Dublin’s National Broadband Plan would cost €5,000 per home, while for Belfast’s Project Stratum, the figure was substantially lower at €1,900.He said: “We have also learned that the same preferred bidder, Granahan McCourt, is also bidding for NI’s Project Stratum at an expected cost of €1,900 per home. “The Government is planning to sign off on a deal that will cost €5,000 per home in this jurisdiction while the same product, by the same bidder and on the same island, will cost €1,900 in Northern Ireland.“How did the Government manage to preside over a contract negotiation that has allowed the same company to provide the same product at less than half the price in Derry than in Donegal?” he asked.Mr. Bruton replied: “We have entered into a 25-year contract to design, build and operate this service, which will cost €2.1 billion, plus a contingency of €480 million and a VAT payment which will be recouped by the State.”Labour leader claims Donegal broadband bill would cost double that of Derry was last modified: November 13th, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:broadbandlast_img read more

South African cartoonists respond to Charlie Hebdo attack

first_imgStaff writerSouth African political cartoonists such as Zapiro, Brandan and Jerm have been swift in condemning the fatal terrorist attack on 12 people at French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo on 7 January, posting their own work protesting violence against freedom of expression and mourning the dead.Jonathan Shapiro, who publishes under the pen name Zapiro, described the shooting as the “worst attack on journalism, satirists, the press, and all free thinkers in society that we have seen in recent times,” in an interview with the Mail & Guardian newspaper.Zapiro is a globally respected and the recipient of numerous global awards for his work, including the 2007 Courage in Editorial Cartooning Award from the Cartoonists Rights Network. In 2008 the Media Institute of Southern Africa awarded Zapiro its Misa Press Freedom Award for his two decades of humour and satire in South Africa.“I hope that it doesn’t have a further chilling effect on satirists, commentators and journalists; any free thinkers in society,” Zapiro said of Wednesday’s attack. “But I’m afraid that scenario is probably inevitable.”He added: “Society in general and hopefully Muslim leaders in particular need to say that this is not what Islam is about and that this is not supported by the Islamic faith, to prevent any further spread of Islamophobia.”View a selection of other South African cartoonists’ responses to the Charlie Hebdo attack:Brandan Reynolds in Business DayJerm in the Daily Maverick Stephen Francis and Rico’s Madam & Eve in Independent NewspapersRico Schacherllast_img read more

FIFA U-17 World Cup: England come from behind vs Spain to lift first-ever title

first_imgEngland avenged their U-17 Euro loss by staging a 5-2 comeback win over Spain in the final of the FIFA U-17 World Cup at the Vivekanada Yuvabharti Krirangan in Kolkata on Saturday.Spain had defeated England on penalties earlier in May but the Three Lions’ fluid and pacey attack made sure that they became the World champions, the ninth different team to win in U-17 age category.Foden fittingly scored England’s fifth and last goal to lift a first FIFA U-17 World Cup in their history. Hudson-Odoi made a smart run and then placed the ball to find Foden unmarked, who sent the English fans all over the world in jubilation. Congratulations, @England! ???2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup champions ??????#FIFAU17WC?????? #FIFAU17WC ????????? (@FIFAcom) October 28, 2017The game was starting to run into mayhem as the Spanish got increasingly frustrated by England’s pace and finishing.The game got off to a lively start with both teams exchanging opening blows but it was Spain who got the lead. In a lighting counter-attack after Guehi lost possession in midfield, Spanish skipper Abel Ruiz latched onto the ball and moved it swiftly to Gelabert in the middle. He squared the ball cleanly to Sergio Gomez who slotted it past Anderson.Mohamed Moukhliss had the golden opportunity to help Spain double the lead in the 21st minute. He was through on goal with only the keeper to beat, but a bad touch let him down as Anderson came out to  collect the ball.advertisementWhat Moukhliss couldn’t do, Sergio Gomez showed how to just 10 minutes later. It was Ruiz again who won the ball and passed it to Miranda who found Gomez in space. Gomez showed his predatory side again as Panzo failed to clear the ball with his header and Sergio blasted the ball in the net.England were pilling on the pressure at the fag end of the first half with Phil Foden making playing around with the Spanish defence. But it was hat-trick hero, Brewster who headed England back into the game.Steven Sessegnon, pacing through the right flank, delivered a peach of a cross as the tournament’s leading scorer jumped throughway to meet the ball with a thundering header.Congratulations @England for the superb display and thank you all for pulling off a great #FIFAU17WC . Hat’s off to the energetic crowd also Indian Football Team (@IndianFootball) October 28, 2017Sessegnon managed to do it once more and again Spain fell for it. Pace down the channels hurt them again as the right back crossed a delicious ball which Gibbs-White obliged, with much delight, by thumping the ball in for the equaliser.Phil Foden met a low cross from Hudson-Odoi, after George McEachran found him with a eye of a needle pass to send the Kolkata crowd into frenzy in the 67th minute.Sessegnon was all over the pitch, even helping out in defence. He saved his team by a goal-line clearance from a Victor Chust’s header.A bit later, Hudson-Odoi’s free-kick set the cat among the pigeons in the Spanish defence. Marc Guehi was alert to jump at the ball and plant it across the line for England’s fourth.As the final whistle blew to end a hugely successful tournament, India showed the world, that football finally won.last_img read more

Naveen Patnaik’s sister Gita Mehta declines Padma Shri citing timing of award

first_imgOdisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik’s sister Gita Mehta, who has been conferred with the Padma Shri, has refused to accept the award which the Centre announced on the eve of Republic Day.She was awarded the Padma Shri in the field of literature and education.The awards were announced on the eve of the Republic Day yesterday.In a press statement issued from New York, Mehta said she was refusing the award as the timing for it was not right, according to a local website.”I am deeply honoured that the Government of India should think me worthy of a Padma Shri but with great regret I feel I must decline as there is a general election looming and the timing of the award might be misconstrued, causing embarrassment both to the government and myself, which I would much regret,” Mehta said in the statement.Notably, the general election is due in a few months. It has been rumoured in the political circles that the Centre’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government was trying to woo Biju Janata Dal (BJD) in case there was a hung assembly.The move is being seen as an attempt to win BJD’s support by conferring award to Naveen Patnaik’s sister, Gita Mehta.Gita Mehta has authored books like Karma Cola (1979), Raj (1989), A River Sutra (1993), Snakes and Ladders: Glimpses of Modern India (1997) and Eternal Ganesha: From Birth to Rebirth (2006).Mehta has also produced and/or directed 14 documentaries.Also Read | Gautam Gambhir, Sunil Chhetri among 9 sports stars honoured with Padma awardsAlso Watch | Naveen Patnaik’s sister Gita Mehta refuses to accept Padma Shri awardAlso Watch | Unsung heroes of nation awarded with Padma Shriadvertisementlast_img read more

Charlie Strong Says Texas Is “Trying” To Work Something Out With Texas A&M

first_imgCharlie Strong dons a cowboy hat.Twitter/@ThisIsMachadoTexas and Texas A&M haven’t met on the gridiron since 2011, but it certainly seems like Longhorns head coach Charlie Strong is open to the idea of resuming the series. Friday, according to OrangeBlood’s Anwar Richardson, Strong, at the Touchdown Club of Houston, said that Texas is “trying” to work something out with its old rival. Richardson is also reporting, however, that Texas itself says no specifics have been discussed. So perhaps Strong got a little ahead of himself.Texas coach Charlie Strong was asked when the Longhorns would play Texas A&M again. Said there is something being worked out— Anwar Richardson (@AnwarRichardson) June 10, 2016Texas coach Charlie Strong says something is being worked out to play Texas A&M again— Anwar Richardson (@AnwarRichardson) June 10, 2016A UT spokesperson said no specifics have been discussed about Texas playing Texas A&M again when asked about Charlie Strong’s comment— Anwar Richardson (@AnwarRichardson) June 10, 2016Texas vs. Texas A&M used to be an annual affair – until the Aggies left the Big 12 for the SEC. It’s certainly one of the rivalries that college football fans miss the most.last_img read more

Teleste Stand E19 is to deliver optical node pro

first_imgTeleste (Stand E19) is to deliver optical node products to UPC Broadband, a division of Liberty Global.According to Teleste, the new optical node platform allows cable operators to reduce network upgrade costs and improve subscriber service availability as the installation time can be minimised due to intelligence embedded in the product.The deal is understood to be valued in excess of €10 million and runs until 2018.last_img

Polish service provider Netia managed to arrest a

first_imgPolish service provider Netia managed to arrest a year-on-year decline in revenue in 2016, posting revenues of PLN1.522 billion (€352 million) for the year, down 3%. The 2015 financial year had seen a fall of 10%.However, EBITDA for the full year was PLN447 million, down 5% year-on-year.Netia said its decrease in revenue was down to losing revenue-generating units served via third-party networks.Netia saw steady growth in take-up for its TV service, ending the year with 182,000 TV subscribers, up 5,000 in the fourth quarter, and average revenue per customer of PLN56.Next-generation access broadband subscribers increased by 14,000 in the fourth quarter, ending the year at 181,000.Business-to-business revenues also helped boost the company’s performance, delivering a 3% increase to PLN185 million thanks to an improvement in wholesale traffic.Chairman and CEO Tomasz Szopa said that he was happy with the solid results achieved in the face of strong competition. He sid trhat the number of services sold had increased and that Netia’s investment in its infrastructure was paying off.last_img read more

Health professionals personal online disclosures may have an impact on their credibility

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 18 2019For health professionals, posting a single negative comment to their Facebook profiles may hinder their credibility with current or potential clients, a new University of Guelph study reveals.People increasingly use social media to promote themselves or to connect with friends and acquaintances. As the line between personal and professional can easily be confused when professionals use social media to promote themselves, U of G researchers investigated Facebook factors that may affect people’s perceptions of professionalism.They found posting only one subtle comment expressing workplace frustration was enough for people to view you as a less credible health professional. Prof. Jason Coe, Department of Population Medicine, and Cynthia Weijs, who conducted the study as part of her dissertation research and is now at University of Calgary. “This finding is significant not only because health professionals use social media in their personal lives, but are also encouraged to use it to promote themselves and engage with the public.”Published recently in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, the study involved more than 350 Canadian participants who viewed a mock Facebook profile and rated the profile owner’s credibility and then rated their own willingness to become a client of that profile owner.The researchers tested factors including the identified gender of the Facebook profile owner, whether they listed their profession as a veterinarian or medical physician and whether their profile included a posting of an ambiguous workday comment or a comment expressing frustration.The ambiguous comment posted stated: “Started with new electronic patient charts today…interesting experience for sure J.”The workday frustration comment stated: “What is it with some people?? I know I only went through 9 years of university…but really, I know what I’m talking about…yeesh!!”Related StoriesTrump administration cracks down on fetal tissue researchOlympus launches next-generation X Line objectives for clinical, research applicationsResearch sheds light on sun-induced DNA damage and repairThe only factor that influenced viewers’ perception of the profile owner’s professionalism was the single workday frustration comment. On a scale from 0 to 100, the profile with the negative workday comment was rated 11 points lower (56.7) than the one with the ambiguous workday comment (67.9).”That’s a meaningful drop,” said Desmarais. “This shows that it takes just one simple comment for people to view you as less professional and to decide they don’t want to become a client of yours. Depending on who sees your posts, you may really hurt your reputation just by being up late one night, feeling frustrated and posting your thoughts online.”Credibility ratings were determined based on participants’ scoring of 16 personality adjectives under the categories of competence, caring and trustworthiness. Profile owners with lower credibility ratings were also deemed by participants as less professional.Even if a health professional refrains from posting this type of negative comment on their promotional page, potential clients can easily find their personal page online, added Desmarais.”This blurring between private and public may be particularly problematic for people just entering the health profession field who have essentially grown up posting their lives on social media and haven’t yet had the chance to build positive relationships with clients.”While social media can be an effective way to engage with others, as well as promote and brand yourself, it’s not the best fit for everyone, he added.”It makes sense for people whose personalities are a large part of their profession to promote themselves through social media, but it may not make as much sense for health professionals and other professionals whose trust and credibility is a large part of their personal capital.” Source:University of GuelphJournal reference:Weijs, C. et al. (2019) Effects of Mock Facebook Workday Comments on Public Perception of Professional Credibility: A Field Study in Canada. Journal of Medical Internet Research. This study provides the first evidence of the impact health professionals’ personal online disclosures can have on credibility.”Serge Desmarais, Psychology Professorlast_img read more

New project reveals beautification processes used by women over the ages

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jul 9 2019Centuries of dangerous practices used by women in the pursuit of beauty are being showcased in a new project revealing brutal beauty regimes, from sewing hair into eyelids to replacing eyebrows with mouse skin.Birmingham City University Design for Performance student Amber Ayers has produced a range of new images showcasing the beautification processes used by women over the ages from the ‘absurd’ to the lethal.The challenging portraits show the lengths women would go to conform to societal standards of beauty from ancient Egypt, Elizabethan and Victorian England, to today’s Instagram age.Amber is bidding to reveal the extent of the pressures facing women, leading some to endure painful and gruesome procedures, while also charting the history predating the trend for injectables such as Botox and collagen by hundreds of years.Among Amber’s discoveries were processes taken by English aristocrats, Egyptian royalty and centuries of other women across the globe, which include: Amber’s studies, which focus on creative design, used makeup, hair, wig styling, costumes and Photoshop to produce the images, which recreate some of the most shocking sights.She believes influencer and celebrity culture in today’s society has replaced the pressures to be seen as affluent, which hallmarked the acts of previous generations. We have tested and regulated a lot of procedures, beauty and makeup products throughout the years, but you still hear so many horror stories online and in the news about women and men putting themselves through unnecessary treats to ‘look better’.”Amber Ayers, Birmingham City University Related StoriesLoose double-stranded RNA molecules spur skin rejuvenationVitamin D supplementation may not reduce the risk of heart diseaseScientists develop accurate, wearable voice recognition device”I think we will forever be testing new beauty products and procedures which could potentially be dangerous and viewed as absurd, but unfortunately this is the only way we learn. Just like we learnt the hard way not to put lead on our faces like they did in the Elizabethan era.”I believe pressure is put on the younger generation through social media. There are way too many influencers and famous people creating standards that are impossible for young women to meet without having some kind of injection or using some ridiculous beauty regime.”A lot of young girls are impressionable and will believe anything an influencer will say. I’m not saying that all famous people or influencers are bad people, but there are standards being set that could lead to young women potentially putting themselves in danger.”All images in the collection were captured by fellow Birmingham City University student Paige Bowater who studies photography.The project was produced as part of Amber’s end-of-year project and was displayed at Birmingham City University’s Inspired Festival, which showcases the work of students studying on courses in its Arts, Design and Media Faculty.Amber hopes the images will help people to think again about the actions they take in the hope of looking beautiful, and highlight quite how absurd and brutal some practices are.She added: “I hope the impact this project has on people is just realization, realization of the fact we have a problem within society. Hopefully this project makes people stop and think for a second and question their views and choices when it comes to beauty.”What will be the next beauty trend? What will be the new dangers? And what will be the new absurd? When is too much, too much?” Source:Birmingham City University Sewing hair directly into the eyelids to extend eyelashes during the 1800s Using a metal device using screws to reshape the nose during the Victorian era Covering the face with lead makeup – leading to lead poisoning Using mouse skin to create eyebrow wigs Crushed insect lipstick Belladonna and lemon juice eye drops used to dilate pupils – which could cause blindness Shoe polish mascara Cigarettes to keep you ‘healthy’ – which aged the skin and caused an array of health problems from cancer to emphysemalast_img read more