LGE 2018The Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM) will begin moving election materials during this week, with six days to go before Local Government Elections (LGE) on November 12.GECOM Registration Officer Clairmont Mingo said the Commission would begin moving ballot boxes and other materials to the 80 Local Authority Areas (LAAs) in the coming week.GECOM, in collaboration with the Guyana Press Association (GPA), facilitated an interactive voter education session with the media fraternity on Saturday.“All these materials will be checked at the locations to ensure that they are correct, efficient and that they are also adequate,” Mingo is quoted by the Department of Public Information (DPI) as saying.Mingo added that an elaborate and comprehensive training programme for all categories of workers was conducted, including ongoing training of polling day staff. “All are expected to discharge these duties with the highest degree of impartiality, honesty, transparency and accuracy,” Mingo said.GECOM Public Relations Officer Yolanda Ward reiterated that the Commission would be declaring official results from the LGE one day after the November 12 poll closed.Ward said preliminary results were expected to be announced three hours after the close of polls. She added that results would be disseminated live on television stations in LAAs as well as GECOM’s social media pages.Ward said final results for smaller LAAs were anticipated by midnight, November 12 and the following day, November 13, for larger LAAs.This year, candidates from 80 LAAs consisting of 595 constituencies will be contesting the LGE through a mixed electoral system of proportional representation and first past the post.
The researchers classified the communication of applications into two findings: covert communication, which does not affect the user experience; and overt communication, which does.Covert communication is hidden from the user and releases information without the user’s knowledge or affecting his or her experience. Thus, if a user disables it, his or her experience will stay the same. But overt communication contributes to the application’s functionality, which is anticipated by the user.Rubin explained covert communication with an example of a Wal-Mart app that allows a user to scan a barcode and get a price. When the user scans the barcode, there are two channels where the information is released. The first sends a query to the Wal-Mart server, and as a reply the server gives the price of the item. At the same time, the same data will go to a different server—perhaps to the manufacturer of the item—and the application behaves the same for the user.“From a user point of view, nothing happened, but there was an extra release of information, which we looked at and we didn’t see any visible immediate damage,” said Rubin. “We found out applications establish many communication channels with different servers, and around half of these channels we didn’t see any effect on the user experience.” More than half the data transferred to and from 500 popular Android applications was found to have little or no impact on user experience, according to a recent MIT study.“We looked at the communication of mobile applications and counted the number of statements in the application that establish these connections,” said Julia Rubin, a postdoctoral candidate in MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Laboratory (CSAIL).She said it’s no surprise that mobile applications release private or general information, but she and the researchers wanted to see what it is the user sees or experiences when an application sends out information, and to understand the behavior of these applications.(Related: The EFF proposes a ‘Do-nor-track’ standard)